Adoption can be both an exhilarating and extremely frustrating experience. But opting to parent and care for a non-biological child is one of the biggest gifts you can give another human. There are many children in need of loving homes and caregivers, and many to-be-parents seeking to meet this need for a wide range of reasons. In Canada, those wishing to adopt have five main ways to begin their journey. They can opt for a public adoption (via the existing child welfare system), private adoption (adopting through a third-party agency either within Canada or abroad), international adoption (going south of the border, or overseas), adopting a relative (within Canada or abroad), or adopting a step child. Whatever your chosen path to adopting, there are often costs associated with the journey, and that’s not even considering how much it actually costs to raise a child.
Setting out on your adoption journey
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Rules around adoption changes from province to province
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Public vs. private adoption
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Canadian private adoption vs. international private adoption
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International private adoption
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International relative adoption
Private adoption agencies
If you are in Ontario, licensed agencies include:
- Beginnings Family Services
- Children's Resource and Consultation Centre of Ontario
- JFJ Hope Centre Adoption Services
- World View Adoption Association
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The home study
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The initial fees
Open vs. closed adoption
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An overview of the numbers:
Private adoption within Canada: $15,000-$25,000
Private adoption outside of Canada: $25,000-$50,000+
Early stage fees you can expect to pay:The home study: $2,500-$3,000
Application fee: $200
Adoption education meeting: $300
Intake interview: $350